A chemical peel will restore wrinkled, blemished, unevenly pigmented, or sun-damaged facial skin by using a chemical solution to remove the damaged outer layers, which will improve and smooth the face’s texture. Chemical peels are available in light, medium, and deep strengths depending on the needs of the patient. The skincare professionals at The Lubbock Plastic Surgery Institute will analyze the patient’s skin and choose a peel strength that is appropriate based on their needs and goals. A stronger peel will reach deeper layers of the skin and eliminate more skin blemishes, but the patient will need a longer recovery period before the skin returns to a normal appearance. Depending on their skin type and skincare goals, patients may be advised that a chemical peel, dermabrasion, or microdermabrasion is best. The skincare professional at The Lubbock Plastic Surgery Institute will also take into consideration how much time the patient has for their recovery when choosing a facial treatment.
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Types of Chemical Peels
Medium Depth Peels
A medium depth peel consists of Trichloroacetic acid (known as a TCA peel). It penetrates the skin more deeply than the superficial peel, with stronger effects. The trade-off, however, is a less comfortable procedure with a longer recovery time. This procedure also costs more than a superficial peel. Recovery can take a full week or longer.
A deep peel is the harshest of all chemical peels. It is also the most expensive and has the longest recovery. However, this peel, containing Phenol, does have a much stronger effect and can combat more persistent problems, like skin lesions and deep wrinkles. Deep chemical peels tend to bleach the top layer of the skin. Therefore, it is not recommended for darker skin tones. These are reserved for individuals with skin wrinkling around the lips, deep wrinkles from sun exposure and deeper scars.
The process for applying a chemical peel is generally the same for each type, but will vary slightly depending on the level of solution being applied. Anesthesia is not used during this procedure. However, it may be considered for Phenol peels. First, the face is thoroughly cleaned. Then, the chemical agent is then brushed on to the skin. Patients will experience some mild stinging at this time. The face is then washed and a cool saline compress is applied to act as a neutralizer. Patients will need to wear sunscreen and limit sun exposure as much as possible.
Plan Your Procedure
Chemical Peel FAQs
Does a Chemical Peel Hurt?
A chemical peel does not hurt. However, it may cause some discomfort. Most patients will feel tingling and a slight burning sensation, which will subside shortly after the procedure has been completed. Phenol peels result in a greater degree of discomfort, but the practitioner should plan for this before the procedure begins.
It is very common to combine a chemical peel with another procedure. Microdermabrasion is one such procedure that provide effective results when combined with a peel. This will be considered a combination program that can be repeated every six weeks.
How to Choose?
There are many alternatives to consider. Individuals looking to reduce fine lines, blotchiness and other mild skin conditions may benefit from a chemical peel, which removes dead skin cells and accelerates the generation of new skin. If deep wrinkles are the issue, a Phenol peel may help, but patients may also want to consider another treatment such as BOTOX or Dysport.